Settlements (Traditional, Modern)
Kythera is the unique island of Greece, which despite its small population number, only 3950 residents in the Census of 2011, has 65 settlements!
Most of them are old, protected with specific building requirements, others are officially designated as traditional ones, and only a few are creations of the 20th century.
The first category includes villages such as Karavas Potamos, Logothetianika, Dokana, Kalisperianika, Fratsia, Drimonas, Karvounades. In these villages houses are generally old with attentive facades, without aluminum frames or large openings in the walls that alter the morphology of each building. You will find beautiful proportions in buildings, interesting door frames, cobbled roads, picturesque churches and others.
The second category includes Chora (Capital of the island) with whitewashed houses, with narrow paved roads (Mesiako Strait) and very tight construction. The Aroniadika with stone houses, reliefs on outer doors and various data of defensive architecture. There passages (galleries - arches above the narrow streets) cobblestones. Strolling at dusk in Aroniadika you think you are at the Venetian era.
The Kastrisianika a little settlement with strong traditional color, which flourished in the 17th and 18th century.
Mylopotamos with dense flaura and interesting architecture, two one-room churches downtown, Agios (St.) Haralambos and Agios (St.) Sozontas and its picturesque stream passing through Kamari. Just below the center of the village falls the waterfall Fairy particularly impressive. During most summers water flow is continuous. Also, in the creek where waters from the waterfall flow, there are in a row of over 20 mills which are worth visiting, so someone enjoys the traditional architecture and the natural environment in a unique harmony.
The Lower Chora Mylopotamou, a settlement of unique beauty with narrow streets and beautiful old houses. Next to the Venetian Castle the English School is located, constructed in 1825.
Two more settlements are particularly noteworthy, since the fortress architecture gives another sense in space. These are Aloizianika and Kalokairines. Do not miss.
In the third category, that of the modern settlements belong Diakofti, Kalamos, Livadi, Agia Pelagia, Plateia Ammos, the Mytata. Beautiful settlements for those who want something modern from Kythera. But for those that visit a village, it means a simultaneous travel back in time, to other eras and cultures, this reveals the harmony between the works of man and the natural environment, Kythera is the pre-eminent destination and the experience that is not lost for anything in the world.
Kythera with its quality and respect for history teaches visitors and leaves indelible memories of the achievements of Greek civilization.
Getting – with the visit to these villages - plain lessons of Architecture and Urbanism one finds out how an irregular urban network is formed, the dense layout, the narrow streets, on the relatively labyrinthine network. Understanding the adverse conditions prevailing in the region (pirates) and the insecurity felt by people in the past and their need to protect their lives and livelihoods.
Fortunately, this substantial wealth in Kythera is not destroyed, and is not lost by reckless development. Remains reliable witness of the difficult past of Greeks, and their struggle for survival and provides meaning in their everyday lives, which in one word we call Culture.